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why do you need a medical book

A personal medical book (LMC) is a document confirming that a person is healthy and is not a carrier of infectious diseases. An indicative list of productions, the personnel of which are required to periodically undergo a medical examination, is given in the letter of the Ministry of Health of Russia dated August 7, 2000 No. 1100/2196-0-117. This measure helps prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

Where do I need a medical book?

If you plan to get a job, you should ask in advance about the relevance of the LMK design. A medical examination can take several days, and its passage is mandatory for:

  • employees of schools, kindergartens and other educational institutions (teachers, educators, nannies);
  • employees of the service sector (make-up artists, cosmetologists, sellers, waiters, etc.);
  • health workers (doctors, nurses, orderlies, etc.);
  • food industry professionals (cooks, baristas, bakers, etc.);
  • people who are engaged in the maintenance of water supply facilities;
  • personnel of enterprises engaged in the production, transportation and storage of medicines, etc.

If you are a student and are going to do an internship in a restaurant, school, hospital or any other institution related to the listed industries, you also need a personal medical book.

How to get a personal medical book?

Getting a medical book is not as difficult as it may seem to many. To do this, it is enough to adhere to the norms of the law and a phased plan of the procedure. The sequence of actions is as follows:

  1. Prepare a package of documents that includes:
    • passport;
    • 1 photo 3×4 (matte);
    • old medical record (in case of extension of the terms);
    • a document confirming the passage of fluorography within 1 year (if any).
  2. Choose the location of the medical examinationEveryone has the right to apply both to a public clinic and to a private one. If you decide to make a choice in favor of a private medical center, ask if the organization has accreditation of Rospotrebnadzor for medical examinations and the issuance of the relevant document.Make an appointment with a therapist. He will provide you with the necessary referrals for consultations with specialized doctors and prescribe tests (their list may vary depending on the profession).
  3. Get testedMake sure that each specialist, based on the results of the examination, enters the results not only in the card, but also makes an entry in the medical book. The total number of surveys depends on the field of employment. Keep receipts if you had to pay for any procedures. In some cases, the employer compensates the employee’s expenses for the preparation of a personal medical book.
  4. Complete the trainingNow you need to listen to the information course and pass the certification based on its results. The results will be entered in the medical book. The therapist will tell you where to go. Lectures are held in the department of Rospotrebnadzor or in accredited centers.
  5. Get the documentThe personal medical book must contain the typographic number of the document (as in the passport). It is he who testifies to the fact of registration of the document in Rospotrebnadzor. You should also check for holograms and seals.

The cost and terms of registration of the medical book

  • New medical book (Men) 3 000 rubles.
  • New medical book (Women) 3 200 rubles.
  • Extension of a personal medical record without certification (Women) 2,400 rubles.
  • Extension of a personal medical record without certification (Men) 2,200 rubles.
  • Extension of a personal medical book with certification (Women) 3,000 rubles.
  • Extension of a personal medical book with certification (Men) 2,800 rubles.
  • Examination by a psychiatrist-narcologist 1,000 rubles.
  • Male employees (for medical examination) 2,400 rubles.
  • Female employees (for medical examination) 2,600 rubles.

If you are doing this for the first time, then the process will take from 5 days to several weeks. The term depends on the complexity of the prescribed examination. And its cost can vary from 1.5 thousand rubles in the regions to 5000 rubles in Moscow. If you need to extend the document, the procedure will take only 1-2 days, since some tests are updated every few years, while others are updated annually.

The list of doctors for medical examination and the necessary certificates

Conducting a medical examination to obtain a medical book involves the examination of the following medical specialists:

  • narcologist;
  • surgeon;
  • oculist;
  • neurologist;
  • psychiatrist;
  • otolaryngologist;
  • dentist;
  • dermatovenereologist;
  • gynecologist (examination of women).

The following certificates are required:

  • blood test (clinical, biochemical, syphilis and typhoid fever);
  • urinalysis and feces;
  • electrocardiography;
  • Ultrasound of the mammary glands and smear for STDs (sexually transmitted diseases);
  • cytology and staphylococcus aureus tests;
  • fluorography.

Punishment for lack of a medical book

According to Article 55 of the Federal Law “On the Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population” of 30.03.1999, if the owner of the enterprise ignores the requirement for the presence of LMC among his employees, one of three types of liability can be applied: criminal, administrative or disciplinary. Punishment awaits both the employee and the authorized official. Its severity depends on the consequences of the negligence of both parties.

Nuances of obtaining

The design of the document must be approached with all responsibility. Its absence will have a negative impact on both the employer and the employee. Try to take into account all the nuances, including:

  1. ValidityThe medical book is valid until all the pages are filled in it. The main thing is to follow the schedule of medical examinations. Do not forget that the frequency of delivery of some tests varies. The interval can be from 6 months (Staphylococcus aureus) to 2 years. In accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, employers are required to pay for the passage of all procedures, train personnel in sanitary standards and ensure the availability of official hygienic rules of the organization.
  2. StoragePersonal medical records of employees must be in the personnel department of the employer throughout the entire period of the employee’s work and can be issued to them only after the receipt is issued. The exception is trade enterprises that carry out departures. In these cases, the document must be with the employee throughout the working day.
  3. Change of occupationIf you have changed your place or field of work, the relevant data must be entered by a specialist of the personnel department in section II of the document and certified by a seal.
  4. When to issue a personal medical book?Many people doubt whether it is worth going through the procedure in advance. If you are confident that you will work in your chosen industry, a ready-made document can be your competitive advantage along with other applicants.
  5. Who owns the medical book?Even if the employer paid for medical examinations in full throughout your entire employment, the document is not the property of the company. Therefore, when you quit, you have every right to take it with you. In the event that the employer refuses to issue LMK in the hands of its owner, even if the company has incurred the costs of processing the document for its former employee, contact the Labor Inspectorate.

A personal medical record is an official confirmation of the employee’s health and the basis of his activities in his position. The absence of a document is a direct violation of the laws of the Russian Federation and entails the application of appropriate penalties. By ignoring the rules, the employer risks the health of his subordinates and consumers of his products or services who are in daily contact with a possible vector of infection

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